Canada in New England


Over the years, Maine and Canada have shared profound economic, historical and cultural ties. With 25 ports of entry between Maine and Canada, the cross-border relationships are strong and important to communities in both countries. 

According to U.S. Census data, it is estimated that approximately one-third of Maine’s citizens are of French, French Canadian or Acadian origin. Academic connections are strong as well; the University of Maine at Orono is home to one of the oldest Canadian Studies Programs in the U.S. 

Canada and the United States are partners in the Roosevelt Campobello International Park on Campobello Island, New Brunswick—just feet from the Maine border. This international park, created by a treaty signed in 1964, is located on the summer home of former U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt and is a testament to the close relationship between the two countries.


Massachusetts and Canada share a deep and mutually-beneficial relationship based on extensive economic, cultural and historic ties. Approximately one in four Massachusetts residents claim ancestral ties with Canada. Canadian companies continue to make significant investments in Massachusetts, most notably in the financial services sector. 

For more than 30 years, the Province of Nova Scotia has donated a giant Christmas tree to the city of Boston to thank Bostonians for their assistance following the devastating 1917 Halifax Explosion. Each year, the tree is transported and delivered to the Boston Common, where it becomes the focal point of the city's annual tree lighting ceremony.

New Hampshire

The longstanding cultural, familial, and trade ties that bind New Hampshire and Canada are deep and highly valued by both Canadians and New Hampshire residents. In addition to sharing a 41-mile border, they share a robust bilateral trade relationship.

In the 1800s, enough French Canadians immigrated to New Hampshire in search of work that “Little Canadas” were formed throughout the State and they played a major role in its manufacturing industry. The first credit union in the U.S.—now St. Mary’s Bank in Manchester—was founded by a French monsignor and his two French Canadian business associates.

Rhode Island

Canada and Rhode Island share a mutually-beneficial trade relationship as well as longstanding historic and cultural ties. The vibrant Franco-American culture which remains prevalent throughout the State today is attributable to the large volume of Canadian immigrants which have settled in the State over the years, dating back to the time of the Industrial Revolution. In March 2011, the Ocean State’s Legislature passed a resolution reaffirming the strength and breadth of the Canada-Rhode Island relationship in areas such as trade, energy and tourism.


Vermont has a long-established partnership with Canada, its number-one export market. The Green Mountain State’s energy relationship with Canada is vital; in 2010, Central Vermont Public Service and Green Mountain Power finalized a long-term deal with Hydro-Quebec, which will result in the State purchasing 225 megawatts of clean, renewable hydropower from Quebec over 26 years, further solidifying the Vermont-Canada partnership.

This spirit of collaboration between these close neighbours extends to Canadian and U.S. law enforcement personnel in Vermont and Quebec, who work together on a daily basis as part of the regional Integrated Border Enforcement Team (IBET), a bi-national team dedicated to keeping the Canada-U.S. border secure from threats and illegal activities.

Nowhere is this relationship more exemplified then at the Haskell Free Library and Opera House in Derby Line, Vermont and Stanstead, Quebec, now a historic site that was deliberately constructed on the international border with donations from a bi-national couple so that patrons on both sides could use its facilities.