State Trade Fact Sheets

Highlights

  • Over 8 million U.S. jobs depend on trade and investment with Canada
  • Canada is the top export destination for 34 states *
  • Canada is the number one supplier of crude oil, refined petroleum products, natural gas, and electricity to the U.S. as well as a leading supplier of uranium
  • 400,000 people cross the Canada–U.S. border daily

Cross border trade sustains our global competitiveness

The United States and Canada benefit from the world’s largest trading relationship. Deeply integrated supply chains connect trade partners on either side of the border in industries such as automotive manufacturing, aerospace and construction machinery. These supply chains support hundreds of thousands of jobs and strengthen local communities throughout our two countries. With nearly $36.2 billion in two-way trade, motor vehicle parts is the largest U.S.–Canada supply chain network, supporting jobs in multiple states across the country.

About 30% of total U.S.–Canada trade — more than $127 billion worth — crosses the Windsor–Detroit international trade corridor. In April 2013, the U.S. State Department issued a Presidential Permit for the construction of a new bridge linking Detroit and Windsor. Over 8,000 trucks cross the current bridge each day. The New International Trade Crossing will facilitate the movement of people and goods, reduce delays and the significant costs associated with them. It will create thousands of construction jobs and long-term employment opportunities on both sides of the border. This new bridge will promote efficiencies in the just-in-time inventory systems of automotive and other supply chains operating across the border. These integrated supply chains enhance productivity and increase our global competitiveness.

Perimeter Security and Economic Competitiveness

In 2011, President Obama and Prime Minister Harper released the Beyond the Border and Regulatory Cooperation Council Action Plans. Together, these initiatives seek to deepen our partnership and enhance our mutual security, prosperity and economic competitiveness while respecting each other’s sovereignty and privacy regimes.

Under the Beyond the Border plan, Canada and the U.S. have adopted a perimeter approach. There has been significant progress to date under each of the four areas of focus: addressing threats early, facilitating trade, economic jobs and growth; cross-border law enforcement; and critical infrastructure and cybersecurity.

Notable progress includes developing a harmonized approach to the screening of inbound cargo (‘cleared once, accepted twice’), improving member benefits of the NEXUS trusted traveler program, deploying regular joint maritime law-enforcement patrols through the Shiprider program, as well as creating measures to build disaster resilience.

The goal of the Canada–U.S. Regulatory Cooperation Council (RCC) is to better align our regulatory systems in order to reduce costs to manufacturers, retailers and consumers, and boost North American trade and competitiveness. Working groups are making progress on sectors including agriculture and food, transportation, environment and health and personal care products are well advanced in implementing detailed work plans. Work is wide-ranging, and includes pilot projects, collaborations, harmonized testing procedures and joint standards.

These initiatives represent an opportunity for increased regulatory cooperation over the longer-term. Currently, the Canadian and U.S. RCC members are placing increasing focus on how to secure alignment into the future, and build a closer, mutually-beneficial relationship between our regulators, beyond the 29 initiatives included in the initial Action Plan.

Where do you get all that energy?

  • Canada is the United States’ largest and most secure supplier of oil, natural gas, electricity and a leading supplier of uranium
  • In 2009, Canada and the U.S. established the Clean Energy Dialogue to strengthen bilateral collaboration on clean energy technologies and seeks solutions for reducing greenhouse gas emissions
  • 90% of Canada’s energy exports go to the U.S.

Petroleum

  • Canadian oil exports to the U.S. totaled $76.3 billion
  • Canada supplies nearly 32% of all U.S. crude oil imports

Electricity

  • The U.S. and Canada share an integrated electricity grid and supply almost all of each other’s electricity
  • Canada exported $2.3 billion worth of electricity to the U.S.

Natural gas

  • Canada supplies 11% of the natural gas consumed in the U.S.
  • Canada exported $11.8 billion in natural gas to the U.S.
  • U.S.–Canada natural gas trade totaled $16.4 billion

Sources: Canada and the United States Energy Relations. Industry Canada. Statistics Canada, U.S. Census Bureau. U.S. Energy Information Administration, Energy Market Fact Book 2013-14.