Canada-U.S. Shared Border: Key to Security and Prosperity
Canada and the United States enjoy the largest bilateral trading relationship in the world and close to 400,000 people cross our shared border each day for business, pleasure, or to maintain family ties.
The secure and efficient flow of legitimate goods and people are vital to our economic competitiveness and mutual prosperity.
On February 4, 2011, the Prime Minister of Canada and the President of the United States issued a Declaration, Beyond the Border: A Shared Vision for Perimeter Security and Economic Competitiveness. The Declaration established a new long-term partnership built upon a perimeter approach to security and economic competitiveness. This means working together, not just at the border, but beyond the border to enhance our security and accelerate the legitimate flow of people, goods and services.
This plan is focused on four areas of cooperation:
Addressing threats early
- Enhance understanding of the threat environment through joint assessments
- Share information and intelligence in support of law enforcement and national security, respecting each country's respective constitutional and legal frameworks
- Cooperation to countering violent extremism in both countries
Trade facilitation, economic growth and jobs
- Canada and the United States signed the Agreement on Land, Rail, Marine, and Air Transport Preclearance on March 16, 2015. Preclearance is the process by which officers stationed abroad inspect and make admissibility decisions about travelers and their accompanying goods or baggage before they leave a foreign port.
- Implement additional pre-inspection
- Bring greater transparency and accountability to border fees and changes
Cross-border law enforcement
- Cooperate on national security and transnational criminal investigations
- Provide interoperable radio capability for law enforcement actors
Critical infrastructure and cyber security
- Enhance cross-border critical infrastructure protection and resilience
- Protect government and digital infrastructure
- Expand joint leadership on international cyber-security efforts
- Develop a framework for swiftly managing traffic in the event of an emergency
- Enhance our collective preparedness for health security threats
- Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear Emergency Management
Infrastructure is a very important part of a shared border. The new Gordie Howe International Bridge currently in development between Windsor, Ontario with Detroit, Michigan – which is the busiest Canada-U.S. commercial crossing with over 18,500 trucks crossing each day (2016) – will create thousands of jobs and opportunities in Canada and the U.S. both during the construction period and in the years to come, and ensure continued economic growth on both sides of the border.
- Close to 400,000 people cross our shared border each day.
- 18,500 trucks cross Windsor-Detroit border each day.
- United States and Canada Announce Preclearance Expansion.
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