Trade and Investment

Canada: A trading nation

History has shown that trade is the best way to create jobs, growth and long-term prosperity.

Since the Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement came into force in 1989, Canada’s two-way trade in goods and services with the United States has more than tripled. Thanks to this agreement and the North American Free Trade Agreement, the trading relationship between our two countries is so strong that we exchanged approximately $2.4 billion in goods and services every day in 2015.

America’s largest customer

  • Canada is the U.S.’s largest customer, purchasing US$338 billion in goods and services in 2015.
  • Canada buys more from the United States than does any other nation – including all 28 countries of the European Union.

Nearly nine million U.S. jobs depend on trade and investment with Canada

  • Canada and the United States are the world’s largest trading partners: more than US$690 billion in goods and services were traded in 2015.
  • The United States is the most important destination for Canadian direct investment abroad, which totalled $448 billion (stock) in the U.S. in 2015.


  • We exchange approximately $1.6 million in goods and services every minute.
  • Nearly 9 million U.S jobs depend on trade and investment with Canada.

State Trade Fact Sheets

Canada is the top export destination for 35 states. Learn more about your state and Canada.