Energy Relations

Canadians and Americans share the closest energy relationship in the world.

Canada is currently the leading and most secure, reliable and competitive energy supplier to the United States, including of crude oil and refined petroleum products, natural gas, electricity and uranium. Canada also imports a significant amount of energy from the U.S., particularly electricity and natural gas.

In 2014, Canada's energy exports were valued at C$146 billion, with 93% (C$136 billion) going to the U.S. In addition, Canada:

  • Exported 2.9 million barrels per day of crude oil and refined products to the U.S., representing 39% of total U.S. petroleum imports;
  • Supplied approximately 18% of the uranium used in U.S. nuclear power plants;
  • Provided 98% of all U.S. natural gas imports, representing 10% of U.S. consumption; and
  • Imported C$37 billion of total energy products from the U.S.
  • With the exception of very small amounts of natural gas liquid imports, Canada purchases most of its natural gas from the U.S.

Canada and the U.S. are working together to strengthen North American energy security, phase out fossil fuel subsidies, accelerate clean energy development to address climate change and to foster sustainable energy development and economic growth.