Energy Relations

Canadians and Americans share the closest energy relationship in the world.

Canada is currently the leading and most secure, reliable and competitive energy supplier to the United States, including of crude oil and refined petroleum products, natural gas, electricity and uranium. Canada also imports a significant amount of energy from the U.S., particularly electricity and natural gas.

In 2015, Canada's energy exports were valued at C$102 billion, with 94% (C$96 billion) going to the U.S. In addition, Canada:

  • Conducts all of its electricity trade with the United States;
  • Was the largest foreign supplier of crude oil to the U.S., accounting for 43% of total U.S. crude oil imports and for 20% of U.S. refinery crude oil intake;Supplied approximately 30% of the uranium used in U.S. nuclear power plants;
  • Provided 97% of all U.S. natural gas imports, representing 10% of U.S. consumption; and
  • Imported C$28 billion of total energy products from the U.S.

North American Leadership Summit (NALS) Commitments

Canada and the U.S. are working together to strengthen North American energy security, phase out fossil fuel subsidies, accelerate clean energy development to address climate change and to foster sustainable energy development and economic growth.

As part of North American Climate, Clean Energy, and Environment Partnership that sets us firmly on the path to a more sustainable future, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, President Barack Obama, and President Enrique Peña Nieto committed to:

  • Advancing Clean and Secure Power;
  • Driving Down Short-Lived Climate Pollutants;
  • Promoting Clean and Efficient Transportation;
  • Protecting Nature and Advancing Science; and
  • Showing Global Leadership in Addressing Climate Change.